Blog

What is Software?

Updated: 08/02/2020 by Computer Hope

Microsoft Excel software box

Examples and types of software

Below is a list of the different kinds of software a computer may have installed with examples of related programs. Click any of the links below for additional information.

Although application software is thought of as a program, it can be anything that runs on a computer. The table below also includes a program column to clarify any software that is not a program.

Software Examples Program?
Antivirus AVG, Housecall, McAfee, and Norton. Yes
Audio / Music program iTunes and WinAmp. Yes
Communication Discord, Skype, and Ventrilo Yes
Database Access, MySQL, and SQL. Yes
Device drivers Computer drivers. No
E-mail Outlook and Thunderbird. Yes
Game Madden NFL football, Quake, and World of Warcraft. Yes
Internet browser Firefox, Google Chrome, and Internet Explorer. Yes
Movie player VLC and Windows Media Player. Yes
Operating system Android, iOS, Linux, macOS, and Windows. No
Photo / Graphics program Adobe Photoshop and CorelDRAW. Yes
Presentation PowerPoint Yes
Programming language C++, HTML, Java, Perl, PHP, Python, and Visual Basic. Yes
Simulation Flight simulator and SimCity. Yes
Spreadsheet Excel Yes
Utility Compression, Disk Cleanup, encryption, registry cleaner, and screen saver. No
Word processor Microsoft Word Yes

Tip

See our program definition for additional examples of computer programs.

How do you get software?

Software can be purchased at a retail computer store or online and come in a box containing all the disks (floppy diskette, CD, DVD, or Blu-ray), manuals, warranty, and other documentation.

Software can also be downloaded to a computer over the Internet. Once downloaded, setup files are run to start the installation process on your computer.

Free software

There are also a lot of free software programs available that are separated into different categories.

  • Shareware or trial software is software that gives you a few days to try the software before you have to buy the program. After the trial time expires, you’ll be asked to enter a code or register the product before you can continue to use it.
  • Freeware is completely free software that never requires payment, as long as it is not modified.
  • Open source software is similar to freeware. Not only is the program free, but the source code is also available to everyone.

Installing and uninstalling software

How do you use computer software?

Once the software is installed on the computer hard drive, the program can be used at any time. On a Windows computer, a program icon is added to the Start menu or Start screen, depending on your version of Windows.

How to maintain software

After the software is installed on your computer, it may need to be updated to fix any found errors. Updating a program can be done using software patches. Once updates are installed, any problems that may have been experienced in the program will no longer occur.

How is software created and how does it work?

A computer programmer (or several computer programmers) write the instructions using a programming language, defining how the software should operate on structured data. The program may then be interpreted, or compiled into machine code.

When I save a document, is that file also considered software?

When you create or edit a file using software — a Microsoft Word document, for instance, or a Photoshop image — that file is considered a software “resource” or “asset.” However, the file itself is not considered “software” even though it is an essential part of what your software is doing.

What was the first piece of computer software?

Tom Kilburn's first program for the SSEM in 1948.

The first software program that was held in electronic memory was written by Tom Kilburn. The program calculated the highest factor of the integer 218 = 262,144, and was successfully executed on June 21, 1948, at the University of Manchester, England. The computer that held that program was called the SSEM (Small Scale Experimental Machine), otherwise known as the “Manchester Baby.” This event is widely celebrated as the birth of software.

How expensive is software?

The price for certain applications can vary widely. For example, there are games on Steam that go for less than $5 and advanced programs, such as Cinema 4D Studio, can cost more than $3,500.

Application, Computer abbreviations, Firmware, Hardware, Maxwell Newman, Software Copyright, Software engineering, Software terms, System software, Ware

Source